If a person is unable to fast because of old age or sickness from which there is no hope of recovery, then he is allowed not to fast, but he should feed one poor person for each day, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And as for those who can fast with difficulty, (e.g. an old man), they have (a choice either to fast or) to feed a Miskeen (poor person) (for every day)”
‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: This has not not been abrogated, it refers to an old man or an old woman who cannot fast; they should feed one poor person for each day. Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 4505
How much is Fidya Kafarah for missed fasts?
In the United Kingdom, Fidya is calculated at £5 – $7 per day (£150 for the full month of Ramadan).
It was proven from the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) that he enjoined zakaat al-fitr on the Muslims, one saa’ of dates or one saa’ of barley, and he commanded that it be given before the people went out to the (Eid) prayer. In al-Saheehayn it is narrated that Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: At the time of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) we used to give one saa’ of food, or one saa’ of dates, or one saa’ of barley, or one saa’ of raisins.
Some of the scholars have interpreted “food” (ta’aam) in this hadeeth as referring to wheat; others interpreted it as meaning the staple food of the country, whatever it is, whether it is wheat, corn, pearl millet or whatever. This is the correct view, because zakaah is a help from the rich to the poor, and the Muslim does not have to help with anything other than the staple food of his country.
How much is Fitrana (Zakat ul Fitr) per person?
At the time of the Prophet (PBUH) Fitrana (Zakat ul Fitr) would be given as one saa’. Therefore the quantity is described by Prophet (PBUH) as one saa’ of food (one saa’ is equivalent to four madd). A madd is the amount that can be scooped up when one puts their hands together.
We are frequently asked ‘how much is Eid Fitrana?’. If we translate this into a monetary value based on the price of a staple food such as flour or rice, it is approximately £5 / $7. Therefore, the amount due for each person is £5 / $7
Who is it obligatory on to pay Fitrana (Zakat ul Fitr)?
Any Muslim who has food in excess of their needs must pay Zakat ul Fitr (Fitrana). Unlike Zakat, it is a duty on everyone in your household. Therefore, the head of the household, or parents and guardians, can pay on behalf of other members of the family.